At Högby hamn in the northeast of Öland, boreal coastal meadows around a small lagoon were improved by blocking the artificial outlet of the lagoon. The ruff was attracted by the shallow freshwater flooding in the grazed meadows around the lagoon. Further depressions were scraped to improve possible breeding sites for the Green Toad (Bufo viridis). In the end of the project a reintroduction program for the Green toad was started by the partner Kalmar county nature conservation authority.
Coastal grasslands develop on Öland by still ongoing land up-lift. At the project site a huge Natura 2000 site of 27.000 hectares is representing mainly boreal coastal meadows. Most of the coastal grasslands at the site Sydöstra Ölands sjömarker have never been artificially fertilized and the flora is rich. The area is managed mainly by grazing and haymaking. Small coastal lagoon habitats are found close to the Baltic Sea. With help of the LIFE project small wetlands and temporary waters which are formerly typical for boreal Baltic coastal meadows, were reactivate successfully. At such places the ruff nests were monitored afterwards.
Ottenby is a 995 hectares large Nature reserve which is owned by the Swedish state. The whole area is managed by a leaseholders. Cattle, sheep, horses and deer graze the large coastal grasslands. At seven places depressions are deepened and two small ditches were blocked. Everyone is happy about the Green Toads that have been released twice. Already in the first spring the toads were calling in two of the deepened depressions and in August 2010 the first small toads from natural reproduction were found!
The costal meadows around Falsterbo are old commons at the south western tip of Sweden. The cattle grazed meadows are an important breeding site of the Baltic dunlin. The coastal meadow of Foteviken is breeding site of the avocet. As part of the project the protection from predators has been optimized. The area is one of the few places, where birds on migration period concentrate. In numerous guided tours visitors were informed about bird protection and the LIFE-Baltcoast project.